In the early 1960s, when city crimes in the United States were increasing at an alarming rate, the U.S. police forces and the federal agency put together a military strategy system to fight against the rampaging criminals, the LAPD (Los Angeles Police Department) established the first special unit to combat highly armed criminals.
It was named S.W.A.T. (Special Weapons And Tactics) by LAPD commander Daryl F. Gates, and it has brought a new revolution to crime resistance.
In 1971, the SWAT team became a permanent force with a unified structure: small units comprised of 6 soldiers and middle sized groups comprised of 60 soldiers.
The SWAT has worked through the 1970s in suppressing armed criminals and with their help, was able to suppress major armed conflicts with zero or minimal civilian casualties.
OMOH | (Russia)
Established in 1979, the Russian special force ‘OMOH’, also known as ‘Black Berets’ or ‘Mafia Killer’ in Russia was meant to prevent any terrorist attacks in the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics following the unfortunate events of the “Munich Massacre” which transpired in 1972 Olympics.
Previously an anti-riot police division the OMOH has spread its function to a wider range of operations including combating organized crime and terrorists. Its members are comprised of former soldiers of the Soviet Army and Veterans of the Soviet-Afghanistan war. One of the notable achievements was in 2002, when the OMOH successfully thwarted the Moscow theater hostage crisis by Chechen rebels.
SAS | (United Kingdom)
The SAS (Special Air Service) is a special unit in the United Kingdom which has become the model structure of Special Forces in other countries such as New Zealand, Canada, and Australia. It has a reputation that Special Forces around the world look up to.
The SAS is one of the toughest Special Forces, known for its rigorous training regiment and selection criteria. Originally established as a military group during World War II, the SAS’s main operations now are related with the Northern Island’s public security (especially the religious conflicts) and works for the U.K.’s protection.
707th Special Mission Battalion | (Korea)
The 707 Special Operation Unit was established and organized as a counter terrorist force to safe-guard the 1988 Olympics held in South Korea following previous terrorist attacks in the Olympics held in other nations. Nicknamed as the “White Tiger”, this Special Force is now an essential part of South Korean national security. The 707 mainly operates in anti-terror operations and major crime scenes.
SPOP | (International)
The SPOP (Special Operations) was founded by a group of lady soldiers who were refused enlistment in elite Special Forces around the world in order to prove that women can hold their own against men in the military. This unit specializes in covert and anti-terrorist operations. Using their feminine charm and lethal combat training, the SPOP has become a force to reckon with. The SPOP can be seen working alongside with other special forces usually for the right price.
GSG9 | (Germany)
The German Union Police’s Counter Terrorist Force. This Special Force was established after the humiliating blunder of the German police in the 1972 Olympics known as the “Munich Massacre.”
From this tragedy, the Germans realized that a counter terrorists force was needed to safe guard the public. The Grenzschutzgruppe 9 or Border Guard Group 9 (GSG9) was established in April 16, 1973 with Ulrich Wegener as its leader. Driven to save their country’s face, the GSG9 has thwarted several terrorist operations including the 1977 “Operation Fire Magic” which was considered one of the most difficult hostage situation a Special Force could face. Also, the GSG9 swept the SWAT World Challenge in 2005 where they won all the events.